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arrears, and his books were in such bad condi-
tion that the Assembly appropriated a special
grant to his successor for putting the accounts
in order. The act appointing Randolph upon
Holloway's resignation stated that "through the
infirmity and weakness of his body and memory
[he] is become incapable of executing the said
office" (Hening, post, IV, 434). His accounts
were short 1,850 but in September 1734 he as-
signed his whole estate to trustees to make good
the debt. The following month the Council sug-
gested that his disorder was due in part to the
fatigue of settling the tobacco inspectors' ac-
counts, and suggested that he be allowed a sum
of money, whereupon the House awarded him
100. He died two months later, in his sixty-
ninth year.

[The fullest account of John Holloway is that left by
Sir John Randolph, printed in the Va. Hist. Reg., July
1848. See also W. P. Palmer, Calendar of Va. State
Papers, vol. I (1875) ; W. W. Hening, The Statutes at
Large: Being a Coll. of All the Laws of Va., IV (1820),
434; H. R. Mcllwaine, Jours, of the House of Bur-

gesses 1702-12, 1712-26 (1912), 1727-40 (1910);
Wm. and Mary Coll. Quart. Hist. Mag., Jan. 1895, pp.
175, 180, Oct. 1901, pp, 85, 175; R. A. Brock, The

Official Letters of Alexander Spotswood (2 vols., 1882-
85), being vols. I and II of the Va. Hist. Soc* Colls.]


18, iSss-Sept I, 1896), mechanical engineer,
was born at Uniontown, Stark County, Ohio.
His father, Joseph T. Holloway, who had moved
to Uniontown from Sunbury, Pa., again moved
his family, when young Joseph was six years old,
to a homestead in the wilderness on the banks of
the Cuyahoga River near Cleveland. After clear-
ing land for a home and farm he was able to re-
sume his trade of cabinetmaker in the growing
settlement. Later he was elected justice of the
peace and in time became popular as a preacher
of the Gospel. Young Joseph attended the settle-
ment school for only a few short terms but re-
ceived many hours of elementary instruction
from his father. When he was fourteen years old
he obtained work as a helper in the drugstore at
Cuyahoga Falls, and there became interested
in mechanics through assisting a repairer of
watches and clocks who carried on his business
in the store. Later he served an apprenticeship
with a firm of engine builders .at the Falls and
at the age of twenty went to Cabotsville, Mass,,
where he worked for a year as a machinist. Re-
turning to Ohio, he became associated with the
Cuyahoga Steam Furnace Company, and within
a year designed (with E. H. Reese) the ma-
chinery for the Niagara, a screw-propeller boat,
built at Cleveland for service on the Great Lakes
(1848). The design of this machinery, after re-
ceiving the approval of Horatio Allen


dean of the country's mechanical engineers, se-
cured for Holloway a position with a boat-build-
ing firm at Pittsburgh, for which he designed
and constructed the machinery of two boats
which he took down the Ohio and Mississippi
Rivers and up the coast to New York (1850).
At Wilmington, Del., he next designed and built
a side-wheel iron steamer for the Cuban service.
The success of the steam equipment in these
crafts made Holloway*s name known among en-
gine builders and created a demand for his ser-
vices. He next went to Cumberland, Md., as
manager for the Cumberland Coal and Iron
Company, and shortly after from there to Shaw-
neetown, 111., where he took a similar position
with the iron and coal works organized there by
the William Sellers Company of Philadelphia.
About 1857 he returned to Cleveland and became
successively superintendent, manager, and presi-
dent of the Cuyahoga Steam Furnace Works.
From 1887, when the company merged with the
Cleveland Steamboat Company, to 1894 he was
connected with the firm of H. R. Worthington,
hydraulic engineers of New York, serving as
vice-president and treasurer and as adviser to
the commercial and engineering branches of
the business. At the expiration of a seven-year
contract he became connected in a similar capac-
ity with the Snow Steam Pump Works of Buf-
falo, with which he remained until his death.

[Trans. Am. Inst. Mining Engineers, vol. XXVI
(1897) ; Trans. Am. Spc. Mech. Engineers, vol. XVIII
(1897); Am. Machinist, Sept. 17, 1896; Locomotive
Engineering, Oct. 1896.]                             F.A.T.


LIAM (July i, i857-July 23, 1903), lawyer
and publicist, was born at Zelienople, Butler
County, Pa. His father, George Charles Holls,
a native of Darmstadt, Germany, and a Lutheran
clergyman, emigrated in 1851 to Ohio, where he
devoted his life to scientific poor relief and par-
ticularly to the care of orphan children (Henry
Barnard, George Charles Holls, a Memoir,
1901). His wife was Johanna Louise Burx.
Their son was educated at Columbia College,
receiving the degrees of A.B. (1878) and LL.B.
(1880). After admission to the bar he opened
a law office in New York City, where by dint
of hard work he succeeded in building up an im-
portant practice, chiefly among clients of Ger-
man descent. At the time of his death he was
senior member of the firm of Holls, Wagner &
Burghard. Although unsuccessful in 1883 in
his candidacy on the Republican ticket for state